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CES Research Projects

Economic: Regional entrepreneurship, innovation, and firm dynamics

Light bulb
The project started in 2018 describes the role of entrepreneurial activity in regional dynamism, with an emphasis on firm entry, innovation, and labor mobility, using matched Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics data and R&D data from the Census Bureau.

Economic: Production, energy use, and employment in response to changes in energy production, environmental factors, and the business environment

Windmills
Significant heterogeneity exists in energy markets and the business environment across the United States. States and regions have adopted different strategies to address both the challenges of supplying electricity and the negative externalities associated with its production.

Demographic: Race in rural America: differentials in teenage motherhood and high school completion

Mother and child in front of trailer
A closer look at the differences in teenage motherhood and high school completion between races, and in particular how such differences relate to differences in housing.

Demographic: Exposure to Television and the American Family: Historical evidence from the United States

old Television set
Recent studies in developing countries indicate that exposure to television affects individual behavior and roles, and find that women change their fertility behavior and attitudes as a result of exposure to television. We will add a historical component to this literature, using 1950-1970 Decennial Census data to explore the impact of the introduction of commercial television on women's fertility decisions and related socioeconomic outcomes in the United States.

Demographic Individuals and Neighborhoods: A Reciprocal Relationship and its Consequences for Change over Time

houses birdeyes view
This study will look at how neighborhoods change over time, how this change affects residents’ perceptions and actions, and how residents’ actions impact on the neighborhood change. Using longitudinal data, it will test two competing theories explaining the relationship between residential instability and crime rates in neighborhoods. I will also test whether the social capital in an area (embodied in social networks, voluntary organizations, and various other institutions) can ameliorate negative impacts on the neighborhood and prevent the downward spiral experienced by some neighborhoods. But to understand how neighborhoods change it is necessary to have an accurate measure of neighborhood quality.

Economic: Regulating Pollution Through Information Disclosure: Facility Response to the Toxics Release Inventory

Smoke stacks
There is increasing interest in the United States and other countries in the use of information disclosure programs as potential substitutes for, or complements to, conventional command-and control or market-based environmental policy instruments.

Health: Water fluoridation and disparities in children’s oral health (NCHS)

Child drinking from Waterbottle
Water fluoridation is a safe, cheap, and effective means of primary prevention against dental caries in children and in adults. It is accessible to all people regardless of income, race, or geography, and does not rely on behavior change.

Health: The association between childhood disadvantage and adolescent pathogen burden (NCHS)

stethoscope
Disparities along lines of socioeconomic disadvantage are observed across the life course. One critical driver of disparities in late-life morbidity and mortality is senescence of the immune system, or immunosenescence, which is known to be associated with chronic inflammation.

Economic: An assessment of the impact of product and process innovations on firm performance

Money
This study uses microdata from the Business R&D and Innovation Survey and other Census Bureau surveys to investigate the impact of research and development (R&D) activity, and specific process and product innovations, on firm performance, including sales, shipments, and/or receipts.

Health: An Econometric Framework for Evaluating the Comparative Effectiveness of Prospective Obesity-Related Public Policy Interventions

Overweight & obesity text
The empirical evidence currently available regarding which obesity-related policy interventions are most effective, and which behavioral contexts to target, is generally not causally interpretable. A proposed new method is designed to account for potential endogeneity and, therefore, will produce results that are causally interpretable and policy-relevant.

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Duke University

FSRDC

RTI